Work must be protected



In order for progress to be made, they say that two generations must agree. The new generation has suffered a lot, especially in the field of labor, wages and job development. The current 30-year-old is very likely – since he stayed in Greece – to have experienced the work only in terms of a Memorandum. After this uphill comes 2020 and is again called to work in conditions of uncertainty. In addition to teleworking, which apparently came to stay, studies of the working environment in the “years of the pandemic” cause stomach upset and accident is that many countries, such as Greece, will return to pre-coronary levels by the end of 2022. This simply means that whatever government measures are implemented during the pandemic may contain the wave of redundancies, but it seems that a fluid era is beginning. for workers and wages, with a possible reversal of fundamental labor rights. And the unbelievable thing is that even before the debt crisis so many governments in Greece failed to formulate a long-term strategy for job creation and especially for young people. The slap in the face of the health crisis will be strong and will hit all countries, but the workers in Greece have not had time to raise their heads. It is not only the GDP and how much it will be a recession. The course of the economy is interrelated with employment. What does this look like? From the data of the last quarters. The economy sank back into a deep recession as real GDP shrank by 15.2% in the second quarter. Consumption and exports suffered the biggest declines. Households, which effectively support economic activity, have suffered losses with significant impact on their consumer and financial decisions. It is indicative that in the second quarter of 2020 the private consumption was equal to 28.8 billion euros, when the corresponding quarter of 2019 was equal to 32.6 billion euros. According to ELSTAT data, Greek households, in the second quarter of 2020 alone, lost 3.9 billion euros or 11.8% of their disposable income compared to the corresponding quarter of 2019. The disposable income of households was formed during in the second quarter of 2020 to 28.96 billion euros, from 32.83 billion euros in the second quarter of 2019. The crucial thing is what will be the state interventions for the management of the pandemic crisis and the question is whether it will be in the direction that reduce employment and wages.Greece and the Czech RepublicEurostatistics show that Greece and the Czech Republic had the lowest redundancy rates in the second quarter (less than 2% of Greek and Czech workers lost their jobs), but Greek workers , in which the working hours were reduced or suspended in the second quarter of the year, exceeded 25%, which is one of the highest among the EU Member States, together with the Italy, Cyprus and Ireland. The INE – GSEE report (October 2020) presents a completely bleak picture. It reveals the reversal of fundamental labor rights, while the authors of the study estimate that “the abolition of the eight-hour period and the liquidation of the start and end time of work has been de facto imposed”. According to the data, 31% of the employees in the second quarter received salaries below the minimum wage. Before the outbreak of the pandemic, 73% of the employees in all sectors worked overtime, while in some sectors, such as manufacturing and the corresponding percentage of transfers exceeded 80%. The pandemic and the crisis it has caused have changed this picture, with the percentage of people working overtime falling to 55%, while 19% working more than 48 hours a week. More than 100,000 workers have “left” the workforce and live on 534 euros per month for more than 3 months, while the average monthly salary decreased by 10% in the second quarter of 2020 compared to the same quarter of 2019. Three in 10 receive earnings lower than the minimum wage, the amount of which – despite the increase in 2019 – is below the poverty line. Seven out of 10 have salaries below 1,000 euros. As the researchers point out, “a very large proportion of the workforce is either out of the labor market (suspended for more than 3 months), registered as unemployed or working for wages that are below or even below the poverty line.” According to the report, in the second quarter of 2020 the average monthly salary decreased from 885 euros in the second quarter of 2019 to 802 euros in the second quarter of 2020, ie it decreased by about 10%. At the same time the percentage of employees receiving from 0 to 200 euros increased 12 times, as it increased from 1% to about 12%. This increase reaches 11.2 percentage points, while at the same time, people who received salaries between 200 and 1,200 euros decreased by 11.3 percentage points. Follow it on Google News and be the first to know all the news See all the latest news from Greece and the World, at



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