Farmers: The x-ray of the new “package” of 19 billion euros

The total package of direct aids and grants for rural development that Greek farmers will receive in the period 2021-2027 under the new Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) amounts to almost unchanged at 19 billion euros. Of these funds, about 14 , 8 billion euros concern the subsidies received by farmers and stockbreeders for the production of their products and are slightly reduced by 2% compared to the money of the current period. Significantly increased, however, by 4.72%, are the amounts of the so-called second pillar (Rural Development) that will be called to claim farmers and businesses for the modernization of their production or cultivation methods. This package amounts to 4.195 billion euros. The total aid of the new CAP is reduced by 0.5%. The Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis was the one who, according to information, locked the package of 19 billion euros during the marathon European Union summit in Brussels in July, where the EU budget was agreed. proposals of the Commission, but also to overthrow several new elements of the CAP that affect the interests of Greek farmers. It is enough to consider that the original proposal of the Commission, as formulated in 2018, provided for a significant reduction of 15% of the funds of the second pillar. In addition, with regard to the resources of the first pillar, which includes direct payments, the European Commission’s initial forecast spoke of a reduction of 3.9%. Overall, the initial positions of Brussels showed a decrease of 6.3% for the total amounts that the rural population of the country would receive with the new CAP. What does the EU expect from the European Union since the beginning of the debate was the environmental character that the new CAP had to assume by putting on the table the introduction of “green” prerequisites as a necessary condition for European farmers to serve the requirements of the European Green. The Union’s high environmental ambitions for its members are concentrated in the “Farm to Dish” and “Biodiversity” strategies, which seek, among other things, to reduce by 50% the use of pesticides in agriculture and the use of fertilizers by at least 20% by 2030. In addition, the Commission proposes a 50% reduction in sales of antimicrobials for use in livestock and aquaculture by 2030 and has set a target of 25% of all agricultural land being used for organic crops also by 2030. Finally, the aim is to reduce nutrient loss by at least 50% in order not to burden biodiversity and the climate, while ensuring that soil fertility is not degraded. However, in order to reach this result, our country had to overcome two very important obstacles: the first was the intention expressed by the Commission to reduce the budget that would be channeled to the new CAP and the pressures exerted by the so-called Visegrad countries – Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia – to accelerate External Convergence. In other words, amounts received by the older member states, including Greece, would be deducted, in order for them to be directed to the newer member states. Romania and Bulgaria also joined the above position, composing a hard bloc, the proposals of which our country was often called upon to reject with the interventions of Makis Voridis in the regular Councils of Ministers of Agriculture of the EU. If one adds to all the above and the upheavals that Brexit is already causing in the European economy by reducing inflows into the Union’s coffers, then indeed the government has achieved considerable success in terms of the stability of the inflow of Community funds. Tough battle Regarding the recent agreement of the Council of Ministers of Agriculture, the minister succeeded in excluding small farmers who receive aid of up to 2,000 euros per year from fiscal discipline, as well as subject to more simplified controls. In addition, with this agreement, the standards for crop rotation and conservation of non-productive elements and areas for the improvement of biodiversity on agricultural holdings will be applied in areas over 100 acres without any other conditions. Follow it on Google News and be the first to know all newsSee all the latest News from Greece and the World, at

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